LAKE ANNA INFO
Lake Anna is the 2nd largest lake in Virginia, within the state's boundaries. It is centrally located between the cities of Fredericksburg, Richmond, Charlottesville, and Culpeper, each approximately 30 minutes to an hour's drive from Lake Anna. The lake is 17 miles long, consists of 13,000 acres, and has 250 miles of shoreline. The lake was created in 1971, by Dominion Power, to cool the reactors of its Nuclear Power Plant built centrally on the lake in Louisa County. This was accomplished by building a dam at the south end of the lake near Bumpass on the North Anna River, resulting in the main lake flooding back along the original river basin. Additionally, the many valleys off of the river basin, flooded creating many tributaries (creeks) off of the main lake, providing considerable additional lake properties at Lake Anna.
Lake Anna State Park
In 1983, Lake Anna State Park was completed on the north side of the Pamunkey Creek, just above the splits. The state park offers many amenities for both residents and guests alike, including a large sandy beach, visitors center, several picnic areas, overnight lodging at their new cabins, campground, boat ramps, walking trails and more.
Lake Anna Boating
The entire 17-mile length of the lake is navigable by boat, from the dam at the south at 90 feet deep to the northern ends of the North Anna River and Pamunkey Creek, where they narrow into shallow small creeks. The lower lake runs from the dam to the splits, where the North Anna River runs west and the Pamunkey creek northwest. The lower lake's one bridge is located at mid-lake providing the large expanse of the lower lake unrestricted for the largest of boats. This bridge is fairly high, and will probably prevent only the largest of sailboats through to the upper lake. The Upper North Anna River is bridge free, however, the Pamunkey Creek has 2 local bridges, which does restrict boat travel up it to smaller boats.
3 Main Creeks, at the southeast side of the lower lake, are separated from the main lake by 3 dikes. These 3 creeks are used to pass heated water from the power plant, through each for cooling purposes, to where it eventually flows back to the main lake near the dam. Because of the dikes, boating access on the private side is restricted to residences and guests along these creeks. Boating on the public side is accessible from lakefront residences, community common area ramps, and a number of marinas servicing the lake.
Lake Anna Fishing
Lake Anna provides some of the best fishing in the area. The lake contains no less than 30 species of fish to include largemouth bass, striped bass, walleye, catfish, crappie, bluegill, white and yellow perch, and others. Periodic fishing tournaments are provided at the lake, for those looking for more challenging fishing endeavors.